Travel info

Iceland is unquestionably one of Europe’s hottest travel destinations today. Iceland’s captivating, dramatic nature is the main inspiration for most travellers to visit this island in the North Atlantic Ocean, on the edge of the Arctic Circle. Iceland has some of the most impressive natural wonders in Europe, which include the unique Arctic light, the Midnight Sun and the Aurora Borealis.

Iceland's nature

Discovering Iceland’s landscapes is an adventure in itself - an endless variety of scenery can be explored, full of stunning contrasts and unique features.

Iceland is located both on the Iceland plume hot spot and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, and the tectonic plate boundaries go through Iceland, making the country very volcanically active and geologically diverse. Lava fields, hot springs, geysers, rifts, volcanic craters and odd lava formations characterize the landscapes forged by volcanic activity.

Glaciers cover about 11% of Iceland and the Vatnajökull (Vatnajokull) ice cap is Europe’s largest glacier. Iceland’s glaciers range in size, from those in small mountain recesses, to massive glacial ice caps covering long mountain ranges. Glaciers have sculpted Iceland’s deep fjords and created natural harbours and valleys, as well as being the source of the mightiest glacial rivers and beautiful lagoons.

Wildlife consists mostly of birds and the Icelandic waters are rich in marine mammals, such as whales, seals and dolphins. The abundance of birdlife is exceptional, making Iceland a birdwatcher’s paradise. Iceland is one of the top 10 countries in the world for whale watching.

The spectacular natural phenomenon of Northern Lights, Aurora Borealis, is often observed in Iceland, especially from September to March. Iceland’s geomagnetic latitude makes it part of the northern auroral belt, one of the best locations to experience the polar lights of the North.

Iceland's regions provides a description of each region in Iceland so you can better plan your trip. Traditionally, Iceland has been divided into regions according to the four points of compass. Most major sights are mentioned and you can also find more information on most features in the Attractions and Nature sections.

Iceland's history
Iceland’s history dates back to the Viking Age exploration voyages and the first permanent settler in Iceland, Ingólfur (Ingolfur) Arnarson, who established his home in Reykjavik in 874 AD. Some of the key dates, figures and facts can be found on our History pages.

Travel information
If you’d like ideas on what to see in Iceland, offers a short description of the major places of interest in Iceland, such as Geysir (Geyser), Gullfoss, Lake Mývatn (Myvatn) and Jökulsárlón - Jokulsarlon Glacier Lagoon. These can be found on our Attractions and Regions pages. You can also find information on the national parks in Iceland as well as some practical information on roads, safety, currency and more. A short list of Icelandic words linked to nature and landscape features, and their meaning in English, is also supplied.

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